What are Heat Pumps?

A heat pump is an electrical device that has the ability to transfer heat from a heat source called a thermal reservoir to another. It is a technology that the world has been using for decades and this technology is commonly used in refrigerators and air conditioners. The heat pump has two components – a condenser unit that is most often located outside in a home that produces the heating and cooling effect, and an indoor unit that is usually mounted on a wall and passes heat or cool air inside the home. 

There are three types of heat pumps: air-to-air, water source and geothermal. All types collect heat from the air, water or ground outside your home and concentrate it for use inside. An air-source heat pump is the most common type and this transfers heat between your house and outside air. 

For homes without ducts, air-source heat pumps are also available in a ductless version. Geothermal heat pumps achieve higher efficiencies by transferring heat between your house and the ground or nearby water source. 

To know how it works, during the heating season, heat pumps move heat from cool outdoors to your warm house and during the cooling season, heat pumps move heat from your cool house into the warm outdoors.  

Heat pumps are cost-effective and energy-efficient because it saves money on energy cost and since it uses electricity for power rather than by generating heat, it remarkably provides a high-efficiency rate. High-efficiency heat pumps dehumidify better than the standard central air conditioners and this results in less energy use at the same time providing more cooling comfort in summer months. A heat pump cycle is fully reversible, and it can provide year-round climate control for your home and that is producing heat in the winter while cooling and dehumidifying during summer. 

Heat pumps and air conditioners use the same technology to cool your home. The main difference between heat pumps and air-conditioning is that heat pumps can also heat your homes while the air conditioner is not. The difference between a gas furnace and a heat pump is the way they create heat. A heat pump uses electricity while a furnace burns fuel to create heat. 

Additionally, another difference between a heat pump and a gas furnace is determined by energy efficiency and environmental impact. Since the heat pump is powered by electricity, it emits zero of the harmful emission that has proven to contribute a role in climate change. 

In installing a heat pump, certain tasks may not require a technician, but instead, it can be done by you. The tasks that shouldn’t require a technician are assembling the main heat pump parts. After the heat pump installation, an authorized person will connect the points together. In connecting electricity, a licensed electrician is needed to do this and there are rules and regulations being observed when connecting electricity. 

Find the right installer and we recommended that you get at least three quotes for the work to be done and use your knowledge in technology so that you can ask the right questions.